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聯合國會員國和觀察員關于“在新冠肺炎疫情應對中保護殘疾人”的聯合聲明

 

520日,包括中國在內的142個聯合國會員國和觀察員常駐聯合國代表團發布“在新冠肺炎疫情應對中保護殘疾人”聯合聲明。全文如下:

"Disability-inclusive response to COVID-19-Towards a better future for all"

A response to the Secretary-General's Policy Brief

A Statement by 142 Member States and Observers

The COVID-19 pandemic represents a human crisis of unprecedented scale, seriously affecting health and disrupting the livelihood and overall wellbeing of people all over the world. It impacts human rights and exacerbates inequalities already in existence. Persons with disabilities have been disproportionately impacted by the pandemic, and we need to ensure that they are not left behind and discriminated against in the course of the COVID-19 response and recovery.

Many persons with disabilities are at higher risk of contracting the virus and developing severe complications or increased mortality for many reasons, including in some cases, pre-existing health conditions, or living in institutional settings.

Persons with disabilities have experienced greater attitudinal, environmental and institutional barriers and discrimination, exclusion from accessing health-care services and information, as well as faced serious disruption to their employment, education, and access to social protection and other support services. These may be exacerbated by multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination faced by women, children and older persons with disabilities and persons with disabilities in situations of risk and humanitarian emergencies.

In this regard, we welcome the release of the United Nations Secretary-General's Policy Brief on "A Disability-Inclusive Response to COVID-19"as well as other UN relevant guidance by the WHO or 0HCHR. We also acknowledge the initiatives by the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the Special Envoy of the United Nations Secretary-General on Disability and Accessibility as well as by the Special Rapporteur on the rights of persons with disabilities.

Disability-inclusive local, national and global responses require cooperation, investment and direct support from all stakeholders, including governments, the UN System, humanitarian actors, civil society, and representative organizations of persons with disabilities, as well as the private sector.

COVID-19 response and recovery should be disability-inclusive, protect the rights and needs of persons with disabilities and place them at the centre of all our efforts, as envisaged in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

It is fundamental to ensure the inclusion and access of persons with disabilities to health services, on an equal basis with others, including medicines, vaccines and medical equipment, as well as to social protection services and other support systems, including for independent living, such as personal assistance, sign language and tactile interpretation, and psychosocial support. Efforts should also aim at providing continued employment, education, as well as prevention from and response to violence. These actions should be provided during the immediate health and emergency responses, as well as development and recovery efforts in the longer term.

We highlight the importance of ensuring critical information throughout the response and recovery phases that is available in accessible formats, including accessible digital technology, sign language and captioning, relay services, text messages, easy-to-read and plain language.

Meaningful consultation and active participation of persons with disabilities and their representative organizations in all stages of the Covid-19 And The COVID-19 response and recovery is critical. Representative organizations can raise awareness of and advocate for the needs of persons with disabilities, and contribute to planning and implementation for building equal, inclusive, sustainable and resilient communities. This requires both mainstream and specific disability- inclusive policy making in our social-economic response to improve outcomes for persons with disabilities, on an equal basis with others, and empower them in all aspects of life. Monitoring the impact of measures taken and collecting disability-disaggregated data are also key in this regard.

A disability-inclusive COVID-19 response and recovery will better serve everyone and prevent the gains made in the inclusion and rights of persons with disabilities from being lost. It will provide persons with disabilities with accessible and agile systems capable of responding to the pandemic. As every crisis can also become an opportunity, let us pave the way for a better future for all, where no one is left behind.

1. Albania                              

2.Andorra                                    

3.Angola                                         

4.Antigua and Barbuda                        

5.Argentina                             

6. Armenia                                   

7.Australia                              

8.Austria                              

9.Azerbaijan                                

10.Barbados                                

11.Belgium                          

12.Belize                                  

13.Bolivia                                   

14.Bosnia Herzegovina Republic             

15.Brazil

16.Bulgaria

17.Burkina Faso

18.Burundi

19.Cabo Verde

20.Cambodia

21.Canada

22.Chile

23. China

24.Cambodia

25. Colombia

25.Costa Rica

27. Cote d’voire

28. Crotia

29. Cyprus

30. Czech Republic

31. Denmark

32. Djibouti

33. Dominica

34. Dominican Republic

35. Ecuador

36. El Salvador

37. Equatorial Guinea

38. Estonia

39. Fiji

40. Finland 

41.France

42.Gambia 

43.Georgia

44.Germany

45.Ghana 

46.Greece

47.Grenada

48.Guatemala

49.Guinea

50.Guyana

51.Haiti

52.Honduras

53.Hungary

54.Iceland

55.India

56.Ireland

57.Israel

58.Italy

59.Jamaica

60.Japan

61.Jordan

62.Kazakhstan

63.Kenya

64.Kyrgyzstan

65.Latvia

66.Lebanon

67.Liberia

68.Liechtenstein

69.Lithuania

70.Luxembourg

71.Madagascar

72.Malawi

73.Malta

74.Marshall Islands

75.Mexico

76.Monaco

77.Mongolia

78.Montenegro

79.Morocco

80.Mozambique

81. Myanmar

82.Namibia

83.Nauru

84.Nepal

85.Netherlands

86.New Zealand

87.Niger

88.Nigeria

89.North Macedonia

90.Norway

91.0man

92.Pakistan

93.Palau

94.Panama

95.Paraguay

96.Peru

97.Philippines

98.Poland 

99.Portugal

100.Qatar

101.Republic of Korea

102.Republic of Moldova

103.Romania

104.Rwanda

105.Saint Kitts and the Nevis

106.Saint Lucia

107.Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

108.Samoa

109.San Marino

110.Serbia

111.Seychelles

112.Sierra Leone

113.Singapore

114.Slovakia

115.Slovenia

116.South Africa

117.South Sudan

118.Spain

119.Sri Lanka

120.Suriname

121.Sweden

122.Switzerland

123.Thailand

124.Togo

125.Tonga

126.Trinidad and Tobago

127.Tunisia

128.Turkey

129.Turkmenistan

130.Tuvalu

131.Uganda

132.Ukraine

133.United Arab Emirates

134.United Kingdom

135.United Republic of Tanzania

136.United States

137.Uruguay

138.Venezuela

139.Vietnam

140.Zimbabwe

141.European Union

142.State of Palestine